Minerals And Their Functions

Trace minerals do not exist by themselves but in relationship to one another. Too much of one trace element can lead to imbalances in others resulting in disease, rather than the absence of disease. Most trace elements need to be in ionic form to be well-absorbed in the intestine. Other factors, such as diet, trace element concentrations in water, drug-nutrient interactions, etc., play a role in maintaining a balance of trace elements in the body.  Alexander G. Schauss Ph.D

Specific Functions of some minerals and trace elements


  • Calcium: Critical for many biological functions, including nerve transmission, fat and protein digestion, muscle contraction, healthy teeth & bones, blood clotting, nerve functions and more.
  • Sodium: Muscle contraction, fluid balance, cell life & potential, and numerous other functions.
  • Potassium: Nerve transmission, fluid balance, blood pressure, muscle contraction and many more functions
  • Phosphorus: Bone formation, important in aiding in the breakdown of fats, protein and carbohydrates.
  • Magnesium: Muscle contraction, nerve transmission, calcium metabolism, enzyme co-factor, and is absolutely essential to all known life forms.
  • Boron: Calcium metabolism, an inadequate level of boron is also suspected in negatively influencing the bodies uptake magnesium and calcium, possibly resulting in bone density loss and elevated blood pressure.
  • Chlorine: Digestion, blood pressure
  • Cobalt: Essential for formation of Vitamin B12, metabolism of fatty acids, and synthesis of hemoglobin
  • Sulphur: Protein synthesis, collagen cross linking, bone and ligament structure.
  • Copper: Immune system, artery strength, helps form hemoglobin from iron, metabolizing Vitamin C, and the oxidation of fatty acids.
  • Chromium: Insulin action, cardiovascular health, glucose tolerance factor.
  • Iron: Blood formation, Immune function.
  • Selenium: Immune stimulant, certain brain functions, acts as antioxidant.
  • Nickel: Immune regulation, brain development, DNA synthesis.
  • Iodine: Thyroid function, aids in upkeep of immune system.
  • Molybdenum: Enzyme action.
  • Silicon: Enzyme action, Connective tissue.
  • Tin: Enzyme action.
  • Manganese: Bone development and growth, metabolism of fat and energy, reproductive system
  • Zinc: Enzymatic reactions, reproductive health, growth and development, immune functions